BIOMOLECULES

PROTEIN

Proteins are the building blocks of body which are composed of amino acids. Proteins have four level of structures; Primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure.

LIPID

Lipids are most diverse biological molecule which is insoluble in water and soluble in polar solvents. There are three types of lipid; simple lipid, compound lipid, derived lipid. Simple lipids includes fats and waxes. Compound lipid includes phospholipid, glycolipid. Derived lipid includes steroid, terpenes, carotenoids.

CARBOHYDRATE

Biomolecules are organic molecule present in living organisms.They are of four types carbohydrate, protein, lipid, nucleic acid. Carbohydrates are polyhydroxy aldehydes and ketones which are classified in three types; Monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides.

ENZYMES

Enzymes are biological catalysts which increase the rate of reaction without even participated in the reaction. Enzymes are classified into six classes.

ENZYME ACTION

Each and every enzymes are specific to catalyze a particular reaction. Enzymes are also inhibited by different kinds of inhibitors. All enzymes performs variety of functions.

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