Tetany is a condition of physiological calcium imbalance marked by tonic spasm of muscles and often associated with defecient parathyroid secretion.
Types of tetany:
There are such major types of tetany:
Causes of Tetany:
Tetany can be the result of an electrolyte imbalance. Mostly it is due to low calcium level and this condition is known as hypocalcaemia. There are some causes which can cause tetany; such are:
Tetany includes associated sensory disturbances. Symptoms of tetany includes:
Tetany can be diagnosed by following methods:
The aim of treatment is to restore the metabolic balance. This may done by intravenous administration of calcium as is done in case of hypocalcaemia or calcium defeciency. Cure is mainly done in many ways such as prescription drugs, medications and lifestyle modifications. If all other methods of treatment fail to bring about treatment in the condition of a patient with tetany then surgical operations may be used.
Skeletal system is made up of bones and cartilage. It is oftwo types; axial and appendicular skeleton. Skeletal system performs functions like;support, movement, protection,sexual dimorphism, mineral haemostasis.
Movement is one of the significant features of all living organism. Movement involves four basic mechanism:amoeboid, ciliary, flagellar and muscular. There are three types of muscles that helps in locomotion; skeletal, visceral and cardiac muscles.
Muscle cells are specialized for contraction which also helps in bodily processes such as respiration and digestion.Sarcomere must shortens for a muscle cell to contract.The sliding filament model defines the concept of muscle contraction.
Joints is a point of articulation where two or more bones meet. The motions like spin, swing, approximation and gliding movements are made possible by joints. Joints can be classified as fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial joints. Pivot and hinge joints are synovial joints.
Gout is a kind of arthritis caused by a build up of uric acid crystals in the joints. Gout is characterized by sudden, severe attack of pain, swelling, redness and tenderness in the joints and often at the big toe. Gout can be treated by proper medications such as colchicine, NSAIDS, corticoisteroids, drugs.
Myasthenia Gravis is a neuromuscular disorder which results in weakness in the skeletal muscles. It is the most common primary disorder of neuromuscular transmission. Corticosteroids and immuno-suppressants helps to minimize the abnormal immune system.
Arthritis is a combination of disease which includes joint pain or joint disease. It is an inflammation of joints that affects one or multiple joints. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoporosis is a condition that deteriorates the bones and makes it brittle due to low bone mass and loss of bone density. There are many factors which cause osteoporosis like age, diet, drugs etc. It can be treated by proper treatment and medications.
Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited disease that damage and weaken muscle over the time. The damage and weakness is due to the lack of protein dystrophin which results in problem in walking, swallowing and muscle coordination.