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Gregor Jhon Mendel conducted hybridization experiments on garden peas(Pisum sativum) and proposed laws of inheritance.He proposed three laws of inheritance;law of Dominance, law of segregation, law of independent assortment. Read More >>>


Organisms in the population interact with each other for the benefit of them. This is known as population interaction. They can interact with each other by mutualism, commensalism, competition, parasitism and predation. Read More >>>


Ability to fight against disease is known as immunity; it is of two types innate immunity and acquired immunity. It can be active or passive immunity. In Autoimmunity self cells of body attack on it. Various organs in our body act like a organ of immune system like lymph node, spleen, MALT. Read More >>>


Tissue culture is a method of biological research in which fragments of tissue from an animal or plant are transferred to an artificial medium in which they continually survive and function. Somatic hybridization is the technique where two protoplast of two different plants with desirable characters are fused to form somatic hybrid. Read More >>>


Cell theory states that all living organisms are made up of cells. It is the basic unit of life. According to Rudolf virchow that "omnis cellulae e cellulae". Read More >>>


Biotechnology has wide applications in the field of medicine like genetically engineered insulin, gene therapy and molecular diagnosis. Transgenic animals are also the result of biotechnology. Bt cotton was also generated with the help of biotechnology. Read More >>>


Biotechnology is the branch of science where living organisms are used to improve the quality of product. Genetic engineering or recombinant DNA technology are the tools of biotechnology where genetic material or DNA of the host organisms is used to obtain product. Read More >>>


Organisms are composed of cells which have some special structures that help them to perform some special functions. These structures are known as cell organelles. Such organelles are nucleus, ER, golgi body, lysosome, chloroplast, mitochondria. Read More >>>


Genetic disorders is a disease that is caused by an abnormality in an individual's DNA. Genetic disorders are mainly of two types: Chromosomal disorder, cause by an abnormality in the chromosomes of individual. Mendelian disorder; caused by mutation or alteration in the single gene. Read More >>>


Genetic code is a triplet sequences of bases that codes for particular amino acids that further helps in protein synthesis. Mutations are sudden change; it can be point mutation or frame shift mutation. Read More >>>

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