ARTICLES

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IMMUNIZATION

Ability to fight against disease is known as immunity; it is of two types innate immunity and acquired immunity. It can be active or passive immunity. In Autoimmunity self cells of body attack on it. Various organs in our body act like a organ of immune system like lymph node, spleen, MALT. Read More >>>

TISSUE CULTURE

Tissue culture is a method of biological research in which fragments of tissue from an animal or plant are transferred to an artificial medium in which they continually survive and function. Somatic hybridization is the technique where two protoplast of two different plants with desirable characters are fused to form somatic hybrid. Read More >>>

CELL THEORY

Cell theory states that all living organisms are made up of cells. It is the basic unit of life. According to Rudolf virchow that "omnis cellulae e cellulae". Read More >>>

BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATION

Biotechnology has wide applications in the field of medicine like genetically engineered insulin, gene therapy and molecular diagnosis. Transgenic animals are also the result of biotechnology. Bt cotton was also generated with the help of biotechnology. Read More >>>

PRINCIPLES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

Biotechnology is the branch of science where living organisms are used to improve the quality of product. Genetic engineering or recombinant DNA technology are the tools of biotechnology where genetic material or DNA of the host organisms is used to obtain product. Read More >>>

CELL ORGANELLES

Organisms are composed of cells which have some special structures that help them to perform some special functions. These structures are known as cell organelles. Such organelles are nucleus, ER, golgi body, lysosome, chloroplast, mitochondria. Read More >>>

GENETIC DISORDERS

Genetic disorders is a disease that is caused by an abnormality in an individual's DNA. Genetic disorders are mainly of two types: Chromosomal disorder, cause by an abnormality in the chromosomes of individual. Mendelian disorder; caused by mutation or alteration in the single gene. Read More >>>

GENETIC CODE

Genetic code is a triplet sequences of bases that codes for particular amino acids that further helps in protein synthesis. Mutations are sudden change; it can be point mutation or frame shift mutation. Read More >>>

DNA FINGERPRINTING

DNA fingerprinting is the technique where DNA sequences of two individuals are compared. It is widely used in the identification of paternity. Read More >>>

CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY

In insitu conservation threatened organisms are protected in their own locality while in exsitu conservation they are carried away from their natural habitat. Read More >>>

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