ARTICLES

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EYE- STRCUTURE AND FUNCTION

Eye is the photo receptor organ which constantly adjusts the amount of light-entering into the eye and focus on objects that are far or near to produce continuous image that are instantly transmitted to the brain. Read More >>>

EAR: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

Hearing is the process by which humans use their ears to detect and perceive sounds and transmit it to brain. Structure of ear is divided into three parts; outer ear, middle ear and inner ear. Read More >>>

NERVOUS SYSTEM IN HUMANS

Nervous system is a complex network of nerves that carry messages from the brain and spinal cord to various parts of the body. The nervous system includes both CNS and PNS. CNS made up of brain and spinal cord and PNS comprises of somatic and ANS. Read More >>>

ROLE OF HORMONES AS MESSENGERS AND REGULATORS

Hormones are chemical substances produced in one part of the body and carried by blood to target organ where it regulates the processes. Neuro-hormones stimulates pituitary to release various hormones.Hormones regulate metabolic activities in various tissues. Read More >>>

ADDISON'S DISEASE

Addison's disease also called as primary adrenal insufficiency, the adrenal glands do not produce enough hormone named cortisol and aldosterone. Cortisol helps in maintaining body response towards stress. Read More >>>

EXOPTHALMIC GOITRE

Exopthamic goitre is also known as Grave's disease. It is the most common form of hyperthyroidism and thyrotoxicosis. It results in an abnormal over activity of the thyroid gland which produce too much of thyroid hormone; thyroxine. Read More >>>

DIABETES

It is preferably known as Diabetes Mellitus. It is a group of metabolic disorders in which the person has high blood glucose due to inadequate insulin production. There are three types of diabetes; type-1, type-2, Gestational diabetes. Read More >>>

GOITRE

Goitre is an enlarged thyroid gland that causes the neck to swell. The thyroid gland is controlled by the pituitary gland which prompts the thyroid to secrete hormones T4 and T3 by releasing TSH. Excessive stimulation of the thyroid gland by TSH can result in goitre. Read More >>>

CRETINISM

Cretinism refers to severe hypothyroidism which is due to the deficiency of thyroid hormone. This is a medical condition present at birth and characterized by physical deformity, dwarfism and mental retardation.. Read More >>>

ACROMEGALY

Acromegaly is a hormonal disorder that results from the excess of Growth hormone (GH)in the body. In Acromegaly pituitary produces excessive amounts of growth hormone.It is often diagnosed in middle aged adults and can result in serious illness and premature death. Read More >>>

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