ROLE OF HORMONES AS MESSENGERS AND REGULATORS

Hormones are chemical substances produced in one part of the body and carried by blood to target organ where it regulates the processes. Neuro-hormones stimulates pituitary to release various hormones.Hormones regulate metabolic activities in various tissues. Read More >>

ADDISON'S DISEASE

Addison's disease also called as primary adrenal insufficiency, the adrenal glands do not produce enough hormone named cortisol and aldosterone. Cortisol helps in maintaining body response towards stress and aldosterone regulate the salt and water balance of our body. Read More >>

EXOPTHALMIC GOITRE

Exopthamic goitre is also known as Grave's disease. It is the most common form of hyperthyroidism and thyrotoxicosis. It results in an abnormal over activity of the thyroid gland which produce too much of thyroid hormone; thyroxine. Read More >>

DIABETES

It is preferably known as Diabetes Mellitus. It is a group of metabolic disorders in which the person has high blood glucose due to inadequate insulin production. There are three types of diabetes; type-1, type-2, Gestational diabetes. Read More >>

GOITRE

Goitre is an enlarged thyroid gland that causes the neck to swell. The thyroid gland is controlled by the pituitary gland which prompts the thyroid to secrete hormones T4 and T3 by releasing TSH. Excessive stimulation of the thyroid gland by TSH can result in goitre. Read More >>

CRETINISM

Cretinism refers to severe hypothyroidism which is due to the deficiency of thyroid hormone. This is a medical condition present at birth and characterized by physical deformity, dwarfism and mental retardation.. Read More >>

ACROMEGALY

Acromegaly is a hormonal disorder that results from the excess of Growth hormone (GH)in the body. In Acromegaly pituitary produces excessive amounts of growth hormone.It is often diagnosed in middle aged adults and can result in serious illness and premature death. Read More >>

DWARFISM

Dwarfism is a condition in which the growth of the individual is very slow resulting in short stature. There are two types of dwarfism; Proportionate and Disproportionate dwarfism. Read More >>

MECHANISM OF HORMONE ACTION

Hormones are natural organic substances that regulate growth, metabolism of the body. Protein hormones perform their action through extracellular receptors while mode of action of steroid hormones is through intracellular receptor. Read More >>

NUTRITIONAL AND DIGESTIVE DISORDERS (PEM)

Digestive disorders is a change in the natural functioning of digestive system. PEM or Protein Energy Metabolism occurs due to insufficient protein and energy. There are three types of PEM; Primary PEM, Kwashiorkar and Marasmus. Read More >>

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